By Alice Wellborn
Everyday Education 

IQ Tests Are Just One Measurement


We can thank the French government for IQ tests! Early in the 1900s, when universal education was mandated in France, Alfred Binet was commissioned to develop a test to identify children in need of special assistance in school. He came up with the concept of “mental age,” measuring intelligence by comparing individual children to those with average abilities in their age group. Binet defined intelligence as “judgment, otherwise called good sense, practical sense, initiative, the faculty of adapting one’s self to circumstances.”

The numerical “intelligence quotient,” or IQ...

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